Karin van der Wiel

www.karinvanderwiel.nl | wiel@knmi.nl | (030) 2206 783




Hoi, ik ben Karin.

Ik werk op het Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut (KNMI) als postdoctoraal wetenschappelijk onderzoeker.

Mijn onderszoeksinteresse is breed, onder andere dynamica van de atmosfeer, atmosfeer-oceaan interacties, extreme gebeurtenissen en regionaal weer. Ik ben geïnteresseerd in de manier waarop interne klimaat variabiliteit en de opwarming van de aarde deze verschillende aspecten verandert.

Het doel van mijn onderzoek is om bij te dragen aan onze kennis van het weer en klimaat op aarde op een manier die nuttig en bruikbaar is voor de samenleving.

Aarzel niet om contact te zoeken met vragen, verzoeken om PDFs van mijn publicaties of iets anders.


Onderzoeksprojecten

Extreme neerslag

Mild weer

Diagonale convergentie zones


Zeewind convergentie


Publicaties

In review/in press

xv. S Philip, S Sparrow, SF Kew, K van der Wiel, N Wanders, R Singh, A Hassan, K Mohammed, H Javid, K Haustein, FEL Otto, F Hirpa, RH Rimi, AKM Saiful Islam, DCH Wallom, and GJ van Oldenborgh: Attributing the 2017 Bangladesh floods from meteorological and hydrological perspectives. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions. Open review until 18 September.

+ abstract (EN)

xiv. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi, JA Smith, PCD Milly, L Jia: 100-yr Lower-Mississippi floods in a global climate model: characteristics and future changes. Journal of Hydrometeorology. In press.

- abstract (EN)
Floods in the Mississippi basin can have large negative societal, natural and economic impacts. Understanding the drivers of floods, now and in the future, is relevant for risk management and infrastructure-planning purposes. We investigate the drivers of 100-year return Lower-Mississippi River floods using a global coupled climate model with an integrated surface-water module. The model provides 3400 years of physically consistent data from a static climate, in contrast to available observational data (relatively short records, incomplete land-surface data, transient climate). In the months preceding the model’s 100-year floods, as indicated by extreme monthly discharge, above-average rain and snowfall lead to moist subsurface conditions and the build up of snowpack, making the river system prone to these major flooding events. The melt water from snowpack in the northern Missouri and Upper Mississippi catchments primes the river system, sensitizing it to subsequent above-average precipitation in the Ohio and Tennessee catchments. An ensemble of transient-forcing experiments is used to investigate the impacts of past and projected anthropogenic climate change on extreme floods. There is no statistically significant projected trend in the occurrence of 100-year floods in the model ensemble, despite significant increases in extreme precipitation, significant decreases in extreme snowmelt, and significant decreases in less extreme floods. The results emphasize the importance of considering the fully-coupled land-atmosphere system for extreme floods. This initial analysis provides avenues for further investigation, including comparison to characteristics of less extreme floods, the sensitivity to model configuration, the role of human water management, and implications for future flood-risk management.

Peer-reviewed

xiii. L Krishnamurthy, GA Vecchi, X Yang, K van der Wiel, V Balaji, SB Kapnick, L Jia, F Zeng, K Paffendorf, S Underwood (2018): Causes and probability of occurrence of extreme precipitation events like Chennai 2015. Journal of Climate, 31, pp. 3831–3848.

+ abstract (EN)

xii. FEL Otto, K van der Wiel, GJ van Oldenborgh, S Philip, S Kew, P Uhe, H Cullen (2018): Climate change increases the probability of heavy rains in Northern England/Southern Scotland like those of storm Desmond - a real-time event attribution revisited. Environmental Research Letters, 13, pp. 024006.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

xi.  GJ van Oldenborgh, K van der Wiel, A Sebastian, R Singh, J Arrighi, FEL Otto, K Haustein, S Li, GA Vecchi, H Cullen (2017): Attribution of extreme rainfall from Hurricane Harvey, August 2017. Environmental Research Letters, 12, pp. 124009. Featured article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

x. K van der Wiel, ST Gille, SG Llewellyn Smith, PF Linden, C Cenedese (2017): Characteristics of colliding sea breeze gravity current fronts: a laboratory study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143, pp. 1434-1441.

+ abstract (EN)

ix. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GJ van Oldenborgh, K Whan, S Philip, GA Vecchi, RK Singh, J Arrighi, H Cullen (2017): Rapid attribution of the August 2016 flood-inducing extreme precipitation in south Louisiana to climate change. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21, pp. 897-921. Highlighted article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

viii. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi (2017): Shifting patterns of mild weather in response to projected radiative forcing. Climatic Change, 140, pp. 649-658.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

vii. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi, WF Cooke, TL Delworth, L Jia, H Murakami, S Underwood, F Zeng (2016): The resolution dependence of contiguous U.S. precipitation extremes in response to CO2 forcing. Journal of Climate, 29, pp. 7991-8012.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

vi. MA Stiller-Reeve, C Heuzé, WT Ball, RH White, G Messori, K van der Wiel, I Medhaug, AH Eckes, A O'Callaghan, MJ Newland, SR Williams, M Kasoar, HE Wittmeier and V Kumer (2016): Improving together: better science writing through peer learning. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 20, pp. 2965-2973.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

v. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, MM Joshi, DP Stevens (2016): The influence of diabatic heating in the South Pacific Convergence Zone on Rossby wave propagation and the mean flow. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, pp. 901-910.

+ abstract (EN)

iv. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, MM Joshi, DP Stevens (2016): Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal. Climate Dynamics, 46, pp. 1683-1698.

+ abstract (EN)

iii. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, DP Stevens, MM Joshi (2015): A dynamical framework for the origin of the diagonal South Pacific and South Atlantic Convergence Zones. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, pp. 1997-2010. Featured article.

+ abstract (EN)

ii. MM Joshi, M Stringer, K van der Wiel, A O'Callaghan, S Fueglistaler (2015): IGCM4: A fast, parallel and flexible intermediate climate model. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, pp. 1157-1167.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

i. W Hazeleger, X Wang, C Severijns, S Ştefănescu, R Bintanja, A Sterl, K Wyser, T Semmler, S Yang, B van den Hurk, T van Noije, E van der Linden, K van der Wiel (2012): EC-Earth V2.2: description and validation of a new seamless earth system prediction model. Climate Dynamics, 39, pp. 2611-2629.

+ abstract (EN)

+ Meer publicaties

Curriculum Vitae

Een pdf-versie van mijn C.V. is hier beschikbaar.

Contact

Dr. ir. Karin van der Wiel
Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut
Postbus 201
3730 AE De Bilt

Telefoon: (030) 2206 783
E-mail: wiel@knmi.nl

Google Scholar: lijst van publicaties
ResearchGate: persoonlijk profiel
Twitter: karin_vdwiel