Karin van der Wiel

www.karinvanderwiel.nl | wiel@knmi.nl | (030) 2206 783




Hoi, ik ben Karin.

Ik werk op het Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut (KNMI) als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker.

Mijn onderzoek gaat onder andere extreem weer, en de invloed van het weer op de samenleving. Bijvoorbeeld extreme neerslag en resulterende overstromingen, of de gevoeligheid van een hernieuwbaar energiesysteem voor variabiliteit van het weer.

Met mijn onderzoek hoop ik bij te dragen aan onze kennis van het weer en klimaat op aarde op een manier die nuttig is voor de samenleving.

Aarzel niet om contact te zoeken met vragen, verzoeken om PDFs van mijn publicaties of iets anders. Bedankt voor je bezoek!


>>>  Klimaatstreepjescode ('warming stripes') voor Nederland: hier.


Onderzoeksprojecten

Groot ensemble modelleren

Hernieuwbare energie transitie

Extreme neerslag & overstromingen

Mild weer

Diagonale convergentie zones

Zeewind convergentie


Nieuws

 

Mei 2019

Nieuw KNMI klimaatbericht

Een nieuw klimaatbericht van mijn hand: CO2: top of flop?.

Apr 2019

Een wetenschappelijk artikel geaccepteerd voor publicatie in Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews.

In deze studie onderzoeken we de meteorologische situaties die tot hoog maatschappelijk risico kunnen leiden wanneer het energiesysteem voor een groot deel afhankelijk is van variabele hernieuwbare energie (wind en zon).

Apr 2019

EGU conferentie presentatie

Ik zal een presentatie geven in de 'Energy Meteorology' sessie op de jaarlijkse samenkomst van de European Geosciences Union (EGU) in Wenen. Het abstract is hier te lezen.

 

Publicaties

Peer-reviewed

xvii. K van der Wiel, LP Stoop, BRH van Zuijlen, R Blackport, MA van den Broek, FM Selten (2019): Meteorological conditions leading to extreme low variable renewable energy production and extreme high energy shortfall. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 111, pp. 261-275.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf           > twitter

xvi. K van der Wiel, N Wanders, FM Selten, MFP Bierkens (2019): Added value of large ensemble simulations for assessing extreme river discharge in a 2 °C warmer world. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, pp. 2093-2102.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf           > twitter

xv. S Philip, S Sparrow, SF Kew, K van der Wiel, N Wanders, R Singh, A Hassan, K Mohammed, H Javid, K Haustein, FEL Otto, F Hirpa, RH Rimi, AKM Saiful Islam, DCH Wallom, and GJ van Oldenborgh (2019): Attributing the 2017 Bangladesh floods from meteorological and hydrological perspectives. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 23, pp. 1409-1429. Highlighted article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf           > twitter

xiv. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi, JA Smith, PCD Milly, L Jia (2018): 100-year Lower Mississippi floods in a global climate model: characteristics and future changes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, pp. 1547-1563.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf           > twitter

xiii. L Krishnamurthy, GA Vecchi, X Yang, K van der Wiel, V Balaji, SB Kapnick, L Jia, F Zeng, K Paffendorf, S Underwood (2018): Causes and probability of occurrence of extreme precipitation events like Chennai 2015. Journal of Climate, 31, pp. 3831ā€“3848.

+ abstract (EN)

xii. FEL Otto, K van der Wiel, GJ van Oldenborgh, S Philip, S Kew, P Uhe, H Cullen (2018): Climate change increases the probability of heavy rains in Northern England/Southern Scotland like those of storm Desmond - a real-time event attribution revisited. Environmental Research Letters, 13, pp. 024006.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

xi.  GJ van Oldenborgh, K van der Wiel, A Sebastian, R Singh, J Arrighi, FEL Otto, K Haustein, S Li, GA Vecchi, H Cullen (2017): Attribution of extreme rainfall from Hurricane Harvey, August 2017. Environmental Research Letters, 12, pp. 124009. Featured article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

x. K van der Wiel, ST Gille, SG Llewellyn Smith, PF Linden, C Cenedese (2017): Characteristics of colliding sea breeze gravity current fronts: a laboratory study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143, pp. 1434-1441.

+ abstract (EN)

ix. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GJ van Oldenborgh, K Whan, S Philip, GA Vecchi, RK Singh, J Arrighi, H Cullen (2017): Rapid attribution of the August 2016 flood-inducing extreme precipitation in south Louisiana to climate change. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21, pp. 897-921. Highlighted article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

viii. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi (2017): Shifting patterns of mild weather in response to projected radiative forcing. Climatic Change, 140, pp. 649-658.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

vii. K van der Wiel, SB Kapnick, GA Vecchi, WF Cooke, TL Delworth, L Jia, H Murakami, S Underwood, F Zeng (2016): The resolution dependence of contiguous U.S. precipitation extremes in response to CO2 forcing. Journal of Climate, 29, pp. 7991-8012.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

vi. MA Stiller-Reeve, C Heuzé, WT Ball, RH White, G Messori, K van der Wiel, I Medhaug, AH Eckes, A O'Callaghan, MJ Newland, SR Williams, M Kasoar, HE Wittmeier and V Kumer (2016): Improving together: better science writing through peer learning. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 20, pp. 2965-2973.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

v. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, MM Joshi, DP Stevens (2016): The influence of diabatic heating in the South Pacific Convergence Zone on Rossby wave propagation and the mean flow. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, pp. 901-910.

- abstract (EN)
The South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ) is a northwest-southeast oriented precipitation band over the South Pacific Ocean. Latent heat release from condensation leads to substantial diabatic heating, which has potentially large impacts on local and global climate. The influence of this diabatic heating within the SPCZ is investigated using the Intermediate General Circulation Model (IGCM4).
Precipitation in the SPCZ has been shown to be triggered by transient Rossby waves that originate in the Australian subtropical jet and are refracted towards the equatorial eastern Pacific. A Rossby wave triggers a SPCZ 'convective event', with associated diabatic heat release and vortex stretching. Consequently, the Rossby wave is dissipated in the SPCZ region. These features are simulated well in a control integration of IGCM4.
In an experiment, convective heating is prescribed to its 'climatological' value in the SPCZ region during the Rossby wave 'events' and dynamic forcing from Rossby waves is decoupled from the usual thermodynamic response. In this experiment Rossby waves over the SPCZ region are not dissipated, confirming the vortex stretching mechanism from previous studies. Furthermore, the change in Rossby wave propagation has an impact on momentum transport. Overall, the effect of the Rossby wave-induced convection in the SPCZ is to decrease the strength of the Pacific subtropical jet and the equatorial eastern Pacific upper-tropospheric westerlies, by about 2ā€“6 m sāˆ’1.
Following these changes to the basic state, two potential feedbacks in the SPCZ and larger Pacific climate system are suggested: increased SPCZ convection due to the enhancement of negative zonal stretching deformation in the SPCZ region and decreased equatorward refraction of Rossby waves into the westerly duct leading to less SPCZ 'events'. As the convective events in the SPCZ have a significant impact on Pacific mean climate, it is crucial that the SPCZ is represented correctly in climate models.

iv. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, MM Joshi, DP Stevens (2016): Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal. Climate Dynamics, 46, pp. 1683-1698.

+ abstract (EN)

iii. K van der Wiel, AJ Matthews, DP Stevens, MM Joshi (2015): A dynamical framework for the origin of the diagonal South Pacific and South Atlantic Convergence Zones. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, pp. 1997-2010. Featured article.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

ii. MM Joshi, M Stringer, K van der Wiel, A O'Callaghan, S Fueglistaler (2015): IGCM4: A fast, parallel and flexible intermediate climate model. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, pp. 1157-1167.

+ abstract (EN)           > pdf

i. W Hazeleger, X Wang, C Severijns, S Ştefănescu, R Bintanja, A Sterl, K Wyser, T Semmler, S Yang, B van den Hurk, T van Noije, E van der Linden, K van der Wiel (2012): EC-Earth V2.2: description and validation of a new seamless earth system prediction model. Climate Dynamics, 39, pp. 2611-2629.

+ abstract (EN)

+ Meer publicaties

Curriculum Vitae

Een pdf-versie van mijn C.V. is hier beschikbaar.

Contact

Dr. ir. Karin van der Wiel
Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut
Postbus 201
3730 AE De Bilt

Telefoon: (030) 2206 783
E-mail: wiel@knmi.nl

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